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How is the coronavirus impacting Latin America?
Updated June 29, 2020, at 8:30 AM EST
SFS is actively tracking the confirmed coronavirus cases, deaths, mortality rate, and mitigation measures in Latin America. While every country varies in terms of its testing capabilities, cases are present in every Latin American country. Updated below is a sampling of these countries, sourced from local government websites and their social media platforms.
As of June 29th, Latin America has become the global epicenter of the novel coronavirus. The region has surpassed two and a half million confirmed cases of COVID-19 with reports saying many countries have not yet reached their peak. In specific, there are approximately 2,525,196 confirmed cases, and 113,887 deaths resulting from COVID-19 in the region. This is roughly 1.5 million more cases, or approx. 40% growth, since the beginning of the month.
At first glance, Brazil appears to have the worst contagion in the region with the highest gross number of confirmed cases and coronavirus related deaths. When adjusting per capita, however, Chile, Peru, and Panama (in that order), have worse community spread of the virus than Brazil, each surpassing 75 cases per 10,000 inhabitants. Chile’s numbers have soared in the last month, leading the region with 144 cases per 10,000 inhabitants, whereas a distant Peru comes in at 85 cases per 10,000 inhabitants. Chile and Peru also lead the region in COVID-19 related deaths per capita at 2.9 and 2.8 per 10k, respectively.
The average Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of COVID-19 in Latin America dropped, again, to 4.51 percent. The outlier is Mexico with 12.29% CFR as it more than doubled in COVID-19 related cases and tripled in related deaths in the last month. Nicaragua’s erratic reporting has seemed to normalize with 2,519 confirmed cases and 74 deaths. Aside from Belize, Ecuador, and Guyana, the rest of the region has a CFR under 5 percent closer to the regional average.
Despite being in the midst of the contagion, about half the countries in Latin America are beginning a phased opening of their economies, while the other half have extended their quarantines through July into August. Data shows the region has administered almost one million tests, however, this is only a fraction of the almost 650 million people that live in Latin America.
The following infographic will be updated weekly as COVID-19 continues to spread in Latin America stressing an already weakened healthcare system.