Global Dispatch

May 15, 2017 0 Comments

May 2017 • Issue 4

Checking Iran’s Gambit: A Review of Canada’s Policy Toward the Islamic Republic

by Candice Malcolm

Click on image to download Dispatch


This Dispatch provides an overview of Iran’s activities in Canada, including those of its proxy group Hezbollah, that led to Canada’s firm response in 2012. In detailing the steps taken by the Harper government to halt Iran’s efforts inside Canada, while also working to undermine Iran’s ability to raise funds and bankroll global terrorist groups around the world, this paper provides an important case study for dealing with Iran. Under Liberal Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, elected in 2015, Canada’s position towards Iran has shifted and has since fallen in line with other Western nations in lifting sanctions, re-opening diplomatic channels, and engaging in appeasement towards the regime in Tehran. Without a well-founded position against Iran, Canada could once again be vulnerable to Iran’s subversive agenda. This paper will conclude with a policy framework and recommendations for the Trump administration on how best to deal with the threat posed by the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Mar 14, 2017 0 Comments

March 2017 • Issue 3

Suriname: The New Paradigm of a Criminalized State

by Douglas Farah and Kathryn Babineau

Click on image to download Dispatch


Paramaribo, Suriname—An isolated country on the Caribbean coast of South America, Suriname, has long been identified as an ideal “transit zone” for narco-traffickers and other nefarious actors. Its weak borders and corrupt government allows for ease of unsupervised entry and egress. Recently, the use of gold to accommodate the flow of illicit funds and to launder money has become an attractive vehicle for transnational organized crime (TOC) groups and some terrorist organizations. The nature of the gold market readily allows actors to convert bullion into exchangeable assets.

The Dispatch examines how the government of Desi Bouterse has become a vertically integrated criminal structure, benefiting in TOC and embedding criminals in state organs. It also looks at the Bouterse government’s involvement in the gold trade. Covering up illegal transactions and serving as a safe-space for TOC, Suriname has become the perfect paradigm of a criminalized state.

Jan 28, 2017 0 Comments

January 2017 • Issue 2

Russia in Our Blind Spot: Using Intelligence Networks in South America to Infiltrate the United States

by Ricardo Neeb

Click on image to download Dispatch


Russia, like the Soviet Union before it, is a source of expansion and aggression in Crimea, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Syria, and in cyberspace. These are regrettably only the visible signs. In Latin America, after a temporary lapse, Russia has returned to increase its influence and to exploit any real or perceived U.S. weaknesses. This time, taking advantage of U.S. foreign policy focused on the Middle East and, therefore, leaving a blind spot south of the Rio Grande.

This Global Dispatch examines Russia’s use of Latin America as a veritable bridge from which to cultivate intelligence operations and infiltrate the United States. Providing a brief history of Soviet intelligence in Latin America and assessment of current Russian intentions in the region, the Dispatch also examines one major case where Russia’s external intelligence agency used Chile as a staging ground for entry into the United States.